Social Identity

Moaners, Gloaters, and Bystanders: Perceived Fairness of the United Kingdom’s 2016 Referendum on the European Union

Referendums divide the electorate into winners, losers, and abstainers. Research has shown that these three groups tend to differ substantially in their evaluations of the fairness of a referendum. However, no study has investigated the nature and …

Empathy and Polarization after the Brexit Referendum

The Brexit referendum has divided the country and created highly salient identities that cut across traditional partisan and other identities. The Brexit identities have led to strong affective polarization over issues that go far beyond questions of …